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Luke Anguhadluq, artist and member of the Utkuhikhalingmiut people (born 1895 near Chantrey Inlet, NWT [now Nunavut]; died 8 February 1982 in Baker Lake, NWT [now Nunavut]). Luke Anguhadluq’s works were consistently featured in the Baker Lake print catalogues and today he is considered a significant Canadian artist.
Hunter and Leader
Throughout his childhood and young adulthood, Anguhadluqlived in the Back River area of the North West Territories. When he was a young boy, his family reportedly reached an agreement that he would marry his cousin Jessie Oonark, but they were never married. Over the course of his life Anguhadluq had three wives, one of whom was the artist Marion Tuu’luq, and seven children that survived to adulthood, including two adopted sons. By 1953, Anguhadluq had gained a reputation as a great hunter and was the respected leader of a traditional Utkuhikhalingmiut patrilineal camp that was home to his extended family. In the late 1950s a famine struck the Back River area, forcing Anguhadluq and his family to relocate his camp to Schultz Lake. Soon after, they relocated to Whitehills Lake before permanently settling in Baker Lake in 1961. Anguhadluq was known for being dedicated to retaining a traditional life on the land, even after he moved into Baker Lake. Until 1967, when he was 72, Anguhadluq maintained residence in an igloo during the winters and lived in a tent during the summer months.
Once he moved into Baker Lake, Anguhadluq and many Utkuhikhalingmiut began to spend time at the craft shop and to embrace the artistic materials available there. His talent was recognized quickly after he started creating drawings and sculptures. Over the course of his artistic career he created many drawings, some of which became prints, as well as sculptures. Anguhadluq’s works tend to capture images from his life on the land. They may feature animals without people, a lone figure hunting or fishing, or community and camp life. When drawing, he often sat on the ground, laying the paper between his outstretched legs and turning the drawing as he worked, conceiving his image like a map, looking down on his subject, with one continuous horizon line formed by the edges of the paper. His most famous works are those capturing the drum dance.
Before he died in 1982, he refused to be buried in the Baker Lake Anglican cemetery, instead requesting that he be buried on his favourite viewing hill overlooking Baker Lake, where so often he had searched the horizon for caribou.
Born on 1895 in near Chantrey Inlet, NU. Died on Feb 8, 1982. Nationality is Inuit
Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Queen's University, Kingston, ON
Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth, TX
Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, Victoria, BC
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax, NS
Art Gallery of Windsor, Windsor, ON
Canada Council Art Bank, Ottawa, ON
Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, Montreal, PQ
Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull, PQ
Clifford E. Lee Collection, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB
Dennos Museum Center, Northwestern Michigan College, Traverse City, MI
Edmonton Art Gallery, Edmonton, AB
Klamer Family Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, ON
Macdonald Stewart Art Centre, Guelph, ON
McMaster University Art Gallery, Hamilton, ON
McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON
Mendel Art Gallery, Saskatoon, SK
Musee des beaux-arts de Montreal, Montreal, PQ
Museum of Anthropology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre, Yellowknife, NT
Simon Fraser Gallery, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC
University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB
University of Lethbridge Art Gallery, Lethbridge, AB
Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK
Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies, Banff, AB
Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB
1976 Received a cultural grant to attend the opening of the Tuu'luq/Anguhadluq exhibition at the Winnipeg Art Gallery in Winnipeg
ARTS OF THE ESKIMO: PRINTS: /Ed. by Ernst Roch. Texts by Patrick Furneaux and Leo Rosshandler. Montreal: Signum Press in association with Oxford University Press, Toronto, 1974.
EIGHT ARTISTS FROM BAKER LAKE EXHIBIT AT ART GALLERY. City Dweller, Ward-7 Edition (Toronto), July 1976.
IM SCHATTEN DER SONNE: Zeitgenoessische Kunst der Indianer und Eskimos in Kanada. [In the Shadow of the Sun: Contemporary Art of the Indians and Eskimos in Canada]. Stuttgart: Edition Cantz. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1988.
ONLY ONE KAYAK WOULD FLOAT: Eskimo Art on Display. Winnipeg Free Press, November 30, 1977.
PRINTS (UPSIDE DOWN?) AT UPSTAIRS GALLERY. Winnipeg Free Press, October 10, 1978.
Alaska State Council on the Arts ESKIMO DOLLS. Anchorage: Alaska State Council on the Arts, 1982.
Arima, Eugene THE SKETCHES OF ANGUHALLUQ. Inuktitut, no. 62, Winter, 1985. pp.40-49, 1985.
Art Gallery of Ontario THE PEOPLE WITHIN = LES GENS DE L'INTERIEUR. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1976.
Arts and Culture of the North ESKIMO ART IN CONFERENCE: SECOND ANNUAL INUIT ART CONFERENCE. 1979.
Blakeman, Evelyn OMINGMAK: The Muskox. The Inuit Art Enthusiasts Newsletter, Issue 31, April, 1986.
Blodgett, Jean ESKIMO NARRATIVE. Winnipeg: The Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1979.
Blodgett, Jean GRASP TIGHT THE OLD WAYS: Selections from the Klamer Family Collection of Inuit Art. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1983.
Blodgett, Jean LOOKING SOUTH: a travelling exhibition organized and circulated by The Winnipeg Art Gallery. Winnipeg: The Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1978.
Blodgett, Jean THE COMING AND GOING OF THE SHAMAN: Eskimo Shamanism and Art. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1979.
Blodgett, Jean TUU'LUQ/ANGUHADLUQ. Winnipeg: The Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1976.
Bryers, Joanne Elizabeth (Lochhead) OBSERVATIONS ON BAKER LAKE GRAPHIC ART AND ARTISTS. Arts & Culture of the North, vol. 3, no. 2, February, 1979. pp.151-154.
Butler, K.J. LUKE ANGUHADLUQ: IN The Canadian Encyclopedia, James H. Marsh, editor-in-chief. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers, 1:57, 1985.
Collinson, Helen INUIT GAMES AND CONTESTS: The Clifford E. Lee Collection of Prints. Edmonton: The University of Alberta Collections, 1978.
Cook, Cynthia FROM THE CENTRE: An Examination of the Drawings of Luke Anguhadluq. Inuit Art Quarterly 10(1): Spring 1995: pp. 4-15.
Cook, Cynthia Waye FROM THE CENTRE: The drawings of Luke Anguhadluq. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1993.
Cook, Cynthia Waye LUQ ANGUHADLUQ: An Analysis of the Spatio-Temporal Structure of Selected Drawings. Toronto: Art Gallery of York University, 1987.
Driscoll, Bernadette THE INUIT AMAUTIK: I Like My Hood to be Full. Winnipeg: The Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1981.
Driscoll, Bernadette UUMAJUT: Animal Imagery in Inuit art. Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1985.
Drolet, Jean-Paul THE ART THAT CAME IN FROM THE COLD. Ottawa: XII International Congress of the International Society of Photogrammetry, 1972.
Eakin, William and Jack Butler PHOTOESSAY: BAKER LAKE 1983-84. Arts Manitoba, vol.3, no.4, Fall 1984, pp. 20-25.
Gillmore, Alison UUMAJUT: Animal Imagery in Inuit Art. Arts Manitoba, vol. 4, no. 3, Summer, 1985. pp.20-23.
Graham, John W. ESKIMO ART VARIED. Winnipeg Free Press, February 2, 1973.
Halvarson, Milton HUNTING IN THE ARCTIC. Edmonton, Alta. : Inuit Art Enthusiasts Newsletter (32 & 33):2-6, 1986.
Innuit Gallery of Eskimo Art NEWSLETTER. Toronto: The Innuit Gallery of Eskimo Art, 1977.
Jackson, Marion E. CONTEMPORARY INUIT DRAWINGS. Guelph, Ontario: Macdonald Stewart Art Centre, 1987.
Lipton, Barbara ARCTIC VISION: Art of the Canadian Inuit. Ottawa : Canadian Arctic Producers, 1984.
Mills, James TWO ESKIMO ART EXHIBITS A RARE OCCURRENCE. Denver Post, February 8, 1976.
Moore, Charles H. ANGUHADLUQ'S ART: Memories of the Utkuhikhalingmiut. Etudes/Inuit/Studies, vol. 2, no. 2, 1978. pp.3-21.
Muscarelle Museum of Art (Williamsburg) CONTEMPORARY INUIT DRAWINGS: The gift collection of Frederick and Lucy S. Herman. Williamsburg, Va.: The College of William and Mary in Virginia, 1993.
National Museum of Man THE INUIT PRINT = L'ESTAMPE INUIT: A Travelling Exhibition... = Une exposition itinerante... Ottawa: National Museum of Man, National Museums of Canada, 1977.
Opperman, Hal THE INUIT PHENOMENON IN ART-HISTORICAL CONTEXT. Toronto, Ont. : Inuit Art Quarterly 1(2):1-4, 1986.
Parkin, Jeanne THE PEOPLE WITHIN: ART FROM BAKER LAKE = LES GENS DE L'INTERIEUR: L'ART DE BAKER LAKE. Artmagazine, vol. 7, no. 28, Summer/ete, 1976. pp.66-75.
Purdie, James A VISUAL VOCABULARY ANCHORED BY ABC. Globe & Mail, January 14, 1978.
Routledge, Marie INUIT ART IN THE 1970s/L'ART INUIT ACTUEL: 1970-79. Kingston, Ont. : The Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 1979.
Swinton, George ESKIMO ART RECONSIDERED. Artscanada, vol. 27, no. 6, December-January, 1971-72. pp.85-94.
Vastokas, Joan M. CONTINUITIES IN ESKIMO GRAPHIC STYLE. artscanada, vol. 27, no. 6, December-January, 1971. pp.69-83.
Verona. Galleria d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea IMMAGINARIO INUIT: ARTE E CULTURA DEGLI ESQUIMESICANADESI.Commune di Verona: Galleria d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Palazzo Forti, 1995.
Walker, Kathleen FASCINATING INUIT PRINTS. Ottawa Citizen, May 24, 1977.
Walker, Kathleen MAGICAL SPIRIT WORLD DELIGHTFUL IN PRINTS. Ottawa Citizen, June 26, 1976.
Webster, David KELOUTIK: New Horizons for the North. North/Nord, vol. XX, no. 4, July-August, 1973. pp.14-19.
Winnipeg Art Gallery BAKER LAKE DRAWINGS. Winnipeg: The Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1972.
Winnipeg Art Gallery SWINTON COLLECTION OF INUIT ART. Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1987.
Winnipeg Art Gallery THE ZAZELENCHUK COLLECTION OF ESKIMO ART. Winnipeg: The Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1978.